Medicines for the treatment of prostatitis in men

male genitourinary system

Inflammatory processes occurring in the prostate gland bring a lot of discomfort to men suffering from this pathology. The development of the disease occurs against the background of long-term lack of sexual intercourse, the presence of sexually transmitted and genitourinary infections, weak immunity, as well as various hormonal imbalances in the body. In addition, prostatitis can be caused by pathogenic bacteria or viruses.

What is prostatitis and how can it be treated?

The modern pharmaceutical market offers very effective drugs for the treatment of this pathology. If infectious pathogens are not detected during the diagnosis of prostatitis, they speak of chronic inflammation of the prostate of a non-bacterial nature. Risk factors for non-infectious prostatitis are microcirculation disorders in the venous system, obstruction in the pelvic area characterized by excessive secretion of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles, which leads to impaired blood flow in the genitals. However, you should always consult a qualified specialist before starting therapy.

Features of the inflammatory process of the prostate (prostatitis)

This disease affects 1/3 of all representatives of the strong half of humanity. The pathology mainly affects men from 20 to 60 years of age. The disease can develop in the presence of the following factors:

diagnosis and treatment of prostatitis
  • Congenital (decrease in hormonal levels, violation of blood flow in the prostate gland, pathological changes in the structure of the acini);
  • acquired (previous diseases of the genitourinary organs, the presence of infection centers in the body, promiscuity or vice versa, long-term abstinence from sexual intercourse, sedentary lifestyle, temporary decrease in body temperature).

Pathological types and drugs for treatment

Inflammation of the prostate gland can manifest itself in the following forms:

Acute prostatitis of an infectious (bacterial) nature. It is characterized by the presence of specific symptoms and requires immediate contact with a specialist. Acute prostatitis develops as a result of exposure to pathogenic bacteria and microorganisms. According to statistics, this form of the disease occurs in 15% of men suffering from this pathology.

Acute prostatitis is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • trembling;
  • increased body temperature;
  • signs of general intoxication of the body;
  • frequent urination, accompanied by pain and purulent discharge from the urethra;
  • pain in the groin region spreads to the lower back.

Chronic prostatitis of an infectious nature. It is a slow inflammatory process characterized by the absence of obvious symptoms. This form of the disease can occur against the background of insufficiently treated or untreated acute prostatitis. Symptoms of prolonged inflammation of the prostate gland can be as follows:

  • irritation;
  • difficulty urinating accompanied by a burning sensation;
  • nagging pain in the perineum, spreading to the pelvic organs and rectum.

Treatment of chronic prostatitis requires more time than acute prostatitis, and the choice of drugs is determined by the individual characteristics of the body, the presence of complications, as well as the type of drugs used previously.

symptoms of chronic prostatitis

In addition to antibiotics used in the treatment of acute prostatitis, analgesics, immunomodulators, suppositories, therapeutic massage and physiotherapy are prescribed.

Prostatitis without infectious etiology. It is the most common type of disease whose origin is not yet fully understood.

Symptomatic prostatitis

Pharmaceutical forms for the treatment of prostatitis

Medicines for the treatment of prostatitis are available in the form of tablets, injections, instillations, suppositories and microenemas. Tablets, usually containing antibiotics, have a wide spectrum of activity and are usually prescribed in cases where the causative agent of the pathology has not yet been determined.

Special rectal suppositories are often used in the treatment of prostatitis. Such drugs have an antibacterial effect and effectively relieve pain. Injection solutions that have a stimulating effect on the vascular and protective systems of the body have the greatest therapeutic effect.

Among the various methods of prostate treatment, rectal therapy is the most effective.

symptoms and causes of prostate adenoma

Treatment for prostatitis often involves injecting a medication directly into the patient's urethra. Before the procedure, the man must empty his bladder completely. No more than 5 ml of medicinal solution is applied at one time.

Additional means to the main treatment can be microenemas prepared on the basis of herbal infusions and decoctions. The principle of this technique is to use the complex drug-temperature effect on inflammation. The procedure is performed before going to bed, because after the micro-enema, excessive straining or hypothermia of the prostate gland is not allowed.

Medicines for the treatment of prostatitis in men

First of all, antibiotics are prescribed for this disease. However, before starting antibacterial therapy, a bacterial culture study is conducted to determine the causative agent of the disease, and one or another type of drug is prescribed depending on the results. The course of antibacterial therapy lasts an average of 1 month.

Treatment with tablet antibiotics is carried out for bacterial inflammation of the prostate in acute and chronic forms. In case of complications, antibacterial agents are administered by injection. If it is not possible to determine the cause of the pathology, combined antibacterial therapy is used.

Drugs with analgesic effect significantly facilitate the course of the inflammatory process, but must be used strictly as prescribed by the doctor. Uncontrolled use of such drugs can cause unwanted side effects.

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Among the analgesics, the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug with a wide release form and a wide range of indications showed the greatest effectiveness in the treatment of prostatitis. The use of A-blockers is related to the relaxing effect of these drugs on the muscles of the neck and bladder, which significantly reduces the intensity of pain accompanying the urination process. However, such drugs can cause side effects such as headache and hypotension. These drugs are prescribed for chronic non-bacterial prostatitis.

Any pathology, including prostatitis, leads to a weakening of the body's immune defenses, therefore, in addition to the main treatment, the doctor prescribes drugs aimed at restoring and strengthening the immune system. These can be drugs from the group of immunomodulators, which include interferons and other pharmacological agents.

Muscle relaxants are also widely used in the treatment of prostatitis, their action is aimed at reducing muscle tone in the perineum, which allows the patient to get rid of pain and discomfort when urinating. The most effective muscle relaxants are considered to be centrally acting muscle relaxants and remedies for pain and smooth muscle spasms.

The use of hormonal therapy is determined by the need to reduce the level of testosterone, which causes an increase in the size of the prostate gland. As a result of such treatment, hormonal levels are normalized and the intensity of the inflammatory process decreases. In some cases, herbal remedies are used as adjunctive therapy to relieve pain, inflammation, and swelling.

Preparations with plant components are often used in the treatment of chronic forms of prostatitis. Prostatitis of bacterial origin is treated by taking antiviral drugs: drugs used for the same indications, but they differ in the mechanism of action and the active substance.

meeting with a specialist

In addition, anti-inflammatory drugs from the group of non-steroids are used. The effect of such drugs is to eliminate the symptoms accompanying inflammation of the prostate (swelling and pain, increased body temperature).

Suppositories with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory substances, for example, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, have shown high effectiveness in the treatment of prostatitis. This group also includes drugs with strong anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic effects.

In addition, therapy for inflammation of the prostate involves the use of drugs aimed at improving blood flow to the prostate.

Popular drugs for the treatment of prostatitis

A drug that helps in the treatment of diseases of the genitourinary system in men and women - a drug based on plant components that inhibit the growth of the glandular tissue of the prostate. It helps to eliminate inflammation and normalize metabolic processes, and also improves blood supply to the prostate gland. In addition, the drug reduces the size of the prostate, eliminates difficulty in urinating and improves the work of the genitourinary system, restores gland functions, and also reduces swelling and inflammatory manifestations in the prostate gland.

The drug is prescribed for the complex treatment of complicated prostatitis. The course of treatment is up to 4 months. The drug has no contraindications and side effects.

A bactericidal antibiotic from the group of penicillinase-resistant, semi-synthetic penicillins is a highly effective antibiotic used in the treatment of prostatitis. The drug is a semi-synthetic antimicrobial drug belonging to the class of β-lactam antibiotics, which has a bactericidal effect against streptococci, staphylococci and other gram-positive microorganisms.

A drug intended for the treatment of various diseases of the genitourinary system in men is an antibiotic-based suppository drug with anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects. The use of rectal suppositories improves the quality of sperm, helps to restore the muscle functions of the bladder, normalizes the urinary process, and also reduces the risk of blood clots in the veins of the prostate gland. Rectal suppositories are prescribed after prostate surgery or in the treatment of chronic prostatitis. The course of treatment lasts 10 days with one suppository per day. Read the instructions carefully: the drug intended for the treatment of various diseases of the genitourinary system in men can cause a side effect manifested by itching in the anus.

The drug, which contains a natural ingredient - the extract of the fruits of the creeping palm tree, is available in capsules and belongs to decongestant and anti-inflammatory drugs. The drug has shown quite high effectiveness in the complex treatment of inflammation of the prostate gland, therefore it is often prescribed to patients suffering from this pathology.

Popular antibiotics for the treatment of prostatitis

Although drugs for the treatment of prostatitis have practically no contraindications, you should not use them yourself. Dosage, selection of drugs and correction of the course of therapy are carried out only by a specialist, taking into account the intensity and duration of the inflammatory process.